Tag Archives: Metropolis

How Chinese Urbanism Is Transforming African Cities

This article from Metropolis explores China’s urban development of many African cities, and the effect this has had on the architectural quality of those cities. Chinese contractors and architects are able to propel a city’s growth at lower cost and on schedule, but in doing so, they out-compete local companies and ignore cultural context. Is this an acceptable trade-off? Read the full article and decide for yourself.

The factory of the world has a new export: urbanism. More and more Chinese-made buildings, infrastructure, and urban districts are sprouting up across , and this development is changing the face of the continent’s cities.

Or so says Dutch research studio Go West Project , who have been tracking this phenomenon for their on-going project about the export of the Chinese urban model to Africa. Since 2012, the group, made up of Shanghai-based architect Daan Roggeveen and Amsterdam-based journalist Michiel Hulshof, have visited six African cities to do research. Roggeveen and Hulshof recently released their preliminary report in an issue of Urban Chinaa magazine focusing on Chinese urban development.

According to the duo, ’s growing economic and political might have made them a significant player in the continent. Not only is it Africa’s single largest trading partner today,’s practical investment diplomacy—offering buildings, roads, railways, power plants and other infrastructure—has emerged as a powerful alternative to Western development aid that is geared towards reducing poverty instead. This has led to Chinese companies successfully funding and building many new developments in African cities ranging from the headquarters of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to the Lekki Free Trade Zone in Lagos, Nigeria.

The Lekki Free Zone (LFZ), a collaboration between a Chinese company and the Lagos government. Image Courtesy of Go West Project

While many Africans appreciate this much-needed development, it is not without its problems, says Roggeven. Many of them fail to relate to the local context, such as the Great Wall Apartments, a residential development in Nairobi, Kenya, consisting of residential blocks that look exactly like housing units found across China. Through interviews with inhabitants and journalists from each city, the team also found that the Chinese urban model presents a paradox for its people.

“On the one hand, China is able to deliver projects, within budget and on time and propels urban development forward. On the other hand, Chinese companies are able to undercut all other competitors, including locals,” Roggeven explains. “This means African companies are unable to compete. This leads to loss of local jobs and businesses—not only in construction but also in low level jobs like street sellers and construction workers.”

The LFZ, currently beginning construction, was planned in China.. Image Courtesy of Go West Project

And the impact of Chinese development in Africa is only growing bigger. While Chinese companies used to be involved mainly in construction work, Go West found that they have an increasing say in actual city development today.

“More and more the Chinese are moving up the value chain, where they also design and even develop buildings and parts of cities. These interventions are very often not aligned with the local context, but rather planned top down,” says Roggeven. “Constructing a building is one thing, but the one initiating the building and designing it is decisive in how a city develops.”

Lagos youth playing soccer along the new Blue Line, the light rail built by a Chinese contractor. Image Courtesy of Go West Project

It is not a one-way street for Chinese development in Africa, however. Not only does China face competition from the firms of other countries such as India, Brazil, and Turkey, its influence is also curbed by the political and economic strength of each African country. Roggeveen and Hulshof note that the Chinese have only been able to pull off bigger projects in centrally led countries that are less democratic thus far.

Phase III of the Great Wall Apartments is currently under construction.. Image Courtesy of Go West Project

But even as the influence of the Chinese in African cities grows, Roggeven is hopeful that such developments will become more sensitive to the needs of the continent.

“It seems the Chinese way of operating will change through time to be able to connect more to local political, economical, social and cultural conditions,” he says, “We have an educated guess this will be essential for the Chinese interventions to be able to survive in Africa in the long run.”

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Design is Material

From June 6-9, Modern Atlanta’s Design Is Material featured exhibitions, lectures and workshops taking place across Atlanta showcasing the city’s role in the exploration and promotion in innovation and creativity of manufacturers, architects, and designers with respect to material design application and research across disciplines such as architecture, interiors, products and fashion.

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“Material Design & Fabrication: Futures & Perspectives” Panel Discussion with Susan Szenasy of Metropolis, Kevin Kane of Arktura, Sarah Hoit of Material ConneXion and Gil Akos of Mode Collective

Design is Material‘s launch party opened the event with inspiring speakers and innovative design. On display were many new and innovative products from flooring to furniture to wall coverings, including our new Hexagon collection. Check out a few of the featured products:

Bevel tile from Shaw Contract Group's new Hexagon collection

Bevel tile from Shaw Contract Group’s new Hexagon collection

Hexagon: Non-linear in composition, it’s a perfect reflection of our culture shifting towards more collaborative environments – impacting the way we work, walk, communicate, create and exist within our three dimensional space. Bevel offers a visual deconstruction of the hexagon – both through a dimensional layering of the shapes and through a plush sheared finishing.

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‘Mosstile’ by Benetti Stone

 

 

‘Mosstile’ by Benneti Stone is a vertical maintenance-free garden made using a stabilized tile of lichen placed over the top of an ecologically sound resin base. It does not require irrigation or fertilization, nor does it need to be pruned. The tile can also be placed in areas with no natural light and can be installed on any surface.

 

 

 

 

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Diamond Bench by HI-MACS + LG Hausys + Nunoerin

 

 

From functional kitchen surfaces and spaces to 3-dimensional installations, the unique properties of HI-MACS Solid Surface material allows you the ability to create what before could only be dreamt. The Diamond Bench lights up when it’s touched and follows the touch along the bench, creating a stream of light.

 

 

 

 

 

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Transparent Wood by Luminoso

 

 

Wood panels that transmit light create a unique transparent effect. The transparent effect is acheived with fiber optics that allow natural and artificial light to be transmitted. Fiber optics are embedded between layers of solid wood, and no holes are created to make the effect.

 

 

 

 

 

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Material ConneXion

Material ConneXion uses its materials intelligence to help companies innovate. With a wide spectrum of material  expertise and access to global material sources, they identify today’s material solutions and provide insight into tomorrow’s opportunities. Their subscription-based materials library is the world’s largest library of advanced, innovative, sustainable materials and processes in the world. From sustainable lipstick holders to environmentally-friendly packing foam, the ever-growing physical libraries around the globe and our online database give you immediate access to over 7,000 materials.

 

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